Originally Posted by stubborn_d0nkey
Yeah, it could spiral (damn uzumaki) into a civil war, but a world war?
Doubt a world war - there just aren't the same sort of alliances. When you think of how many treaties and promises there were in 1914, you could almost consider WWI a civil war in Europe, which spread to include a few others thus making it world war.
What we can probably expect is a realigning of the Middle East, which has been some time coming. The puppet dictators and map lines set up by Western Powers are going to be replaced and then it'll be up to the Arab world (mostly) to determine what sort of reforms take place. It could break down into fundamentalist nations, some what similar to what happened to Iran after 1979, but if the movements are kept honest, we could see a duplication of what happened in Turkey, in which a lengthy revolt eventually ended in the formation of a democratic system that is relatively stable.
What this means in either scenario is a reduction in the compliant allies in the Middle East for Western powers, but hopefully at least nations that could be dealt with, meaning there will have to be some levels of negotiation rather than just going behind the scenes to say "hey, oil?"
Or, of course, people could find a way to slot in a new dictator under the guise of democracy, like they've done with Iraq and Afghanistan.