A Brief Comic Book History of Jessica Jones

Mike Delaney
TV Marvel
TV Marvel MCU

Jessica Jones has an interesting and colorful comic book history. She has worked with Luke Cage, Captain Marvel and even Captain America. She has appeared in some of Marvel’s darkest and most adult storylines — she has also experienced motherhood and the perils of being a superhero with a family. As Jessica Jones Season 2 hits Netflix, let’s explore some of Jessica’s comic book backstory and where Netflix has taken the character, so far.

Jessica Jones is The (Relatively) New Girl on The Block – Except She Isn’t Really

Of all the heroes appearing in The Defenders, Jessica Jones is a relatively new addition to the Marvel Universe. Debuting in the first issue of Alias in 2001, Jessica Jones is a sardonic and sarcastic former superhero turned private investigator. Jessica is introduced to readers as she is “now,” with her story slowly revealed through flashbacks. Despite her relatively recent introduction into the Marvel Universe, Jessica has been present throughout much of its history. We just did not know it until now.

Jessica Jones’ connections to the Marvel Universe go back almost to the beginning. Jessica is revealed to have been a student at Midtown High, the same school that Peter Parker attended. She had a crush on him and was going to ask him out literally just before he received the fateful bite from a radioactive spider that would turn him into Spider-Man.

Using the name Jewel, Jessica was a superhero for several years. She knew Captain Marvel (Carol Danvers) and tangled with the likes of Doctor Octopus. Jessica’s superhero career came to a crashing halt when she encountered the Purple Man, a villain who had the ability to control people through pheromones. Jessica fell under his control for eight months, and he made her complicit in his crimes. Eventually, he sent her to kill Daredevil. Being away from the Purple Man lessened his control, leaving Jessica disorientated. She ended up attacking Scarlet Witch simply because she was wearing red. The Avengers retaliated for her unprovoked attack, although Jessica was recognised and saved by Captain Marvel.

Alias Investigations — The Other Side of the Marvel Universe

Now disillusioned with superhero life and still recovering from her ordeal at the Purple Man’s hands, Jessica starts her own private investigation business. The cases taken by Alias Investigations take Jessica into the seedy underbelly of the Marvel Universe. Marvel took full advantage of the mature rating of their MAX imprint titles. Alias is full of swearing, sex, and the kind of storylines that would make Aunt May blush. In fact, the very first word of the very first issue is “f***.” It is also the word most frequently used throughout the series.

Alias followed Jessica through some of her darkest moments as she struggled to reconnect with friends and family, find love, and still come to terms with what she did under the Purple Man’s control. Alias shows us the side of the Marvel Universe that exists under the colorful surface. It is not an alternate world or a dark future — it is just the world in shades of grey.

But Jessica Jones is too good a character to keep confined to the MAX titles, and she was soon brought into the lighter and softer side of the Marvel Universe. Of course, this necessitated some changes. She lost her trademark cursing (replaced by the ever present use of “@£%!”) and other less desirable personality habits. But these changes came about through character development and were explained by Jessica’s recovery and growing sense of self-worth. After years of on-again, off-again dating, Jessica and Luke Cage had a daughter, Danielle. They were also married. The establishment of a family and a sense of stability in Jessica’s life serves as the catalyst for her finally getting back on track.

One Standard Superhero Origin Story — Just Add Radiation

Jessica’s superhero origin story is pretty standard, and almost a throwback to the origin stories of yesteryear. Her family was involved in a car accident, colliding with a military convoy carrying radioactive material. While the crash killed the rest of her family, Jessica survived and fell into a coma. After recovering, she discovered that the exposure to radioactive chemicals gave her superpowers.

Even then, Jessica’s power set isn’t really unique or even noteworthy. She has the standard superpower package of super-strength, limited invulnerability, and flight. Her upper strength limit is unknown but she can lift police cars with ease. Jessica also often plays up her invulnerability; while she is more durable than a normal human, she can be hurt. She has bluffed that bullets won’t hurt her but, in truth, Jessica isn’t sure if she is actually bulletproof or not.

What makes Jessica Jones unique is her weaknesses, not her strengths. She is more often shown dealing with her past mistakes and regrets than she is fighting bad guys. Jessica’s experiences with the Purple Man left her with post-traumatic stress disorder that required months of therapy. It also led Jessica to quit being a superhero altogether. Jessica would also regularly self-medicate with alcohol to ease her troubles. The comics never brush aside Jessica’s problems, but instead, make them as integral a part of the character as her powers.

A Superhero by Multiple Names

These days, Jessica Jones only goes by her real name. For a time, though, she was the superhero known as Jewel. She reprises the name for a while as a member of the New Avengers. Of course, in Marvel’s Jessica Jones, the alias is mocked. Jessica refers to it is a “stripper’s name, a really slutty stripper.”

But Jewel is not the only alias that Jessica has gone by. After her ordeal at the hands of the Purple Man, Jessica briefly adopted the identity of Knightress, a violent vigilante in the mold of the 90s anti-heroes. Recently, to honor her husband and to be a role model for their daughter, Jessica took on the name Power Woman for a while.

Marvel’s Jessica Jones

Kristen Ritter as Jessica Jones.

Jessica’s story from the original source material makes it the perfect addition to the darker and grittier side of the Marvel Cinematic Universe seen in the Netflix series. Marvel’s Jessica Jones adapts many of the elements of Jessica Jones’ backstory. At the same time, it alters some parts because the MCU is not a direct adaptation of the mainstream Marvel comics.

As of Season 1, Jessica’s origin story is much the same, involving a car crash and the death of her family. Although the season hinted at government testing as the origin of her powers. The traditional role of Jessica’s best friend, Carol Danvers, is taken by Trish Walker, AKA comic book hero Hellcat. Season 1 shows how Jessica was briefly an aspiring hero who fell under the sway of Kilgrave. She was only able to break free of his control after he made her kill Reva Connors. Sinking into depression and alcoholism, Jessica quits being a hero and starts her own private investigation agency. She develops an obsession with Reva’s husband, Luke Cage, which eventually becomes physical before he learns the truth.

The only thing that keeps Jessica alive is believing that Kilgrave is dead. Until Jessica discovers that Kilgrave survived the fatal encounter she thought killed him. Kilgrave returns, obsessed with Jessica and convinced that she loves him without his mind control. He sets out to win her back, through manipulation and Machiavellian plotting. Kilgrave’s reign of terror finally comes to an end after Jessica realizes she is immune to his power. She confronts him without fear, and kills him. Finally free, Jessica begins to pick up the pieces of her life.

The Defenders and Jessica Jones Season 2

Marvel Defenders

The Defenders series is the culmination of several years of hard work and interconnected storytelling. Uniting the street-level heroes Daredevil, Jessica Jones, Luke Cage, and Iron Fist, The Defenders aims to be the small-screen version of the epic team-up that resulting in The Avengers. These four unlikely heroes are brought together to battle a greater threat that none of them can handle alone.

In Season 1 of The Defenders, Jessica was hired to find a man who had disappeared. Her search for this man and the building he constructed landed her in league with Luke Cage, Iron Fist and Daredevil. Together they uncovered a sinister plot that involved the ancient organization The Hand. Jessica helped The Defenders stop The Hand, thus saving New York City and K’un Lun.

In Season 2 of her own series, Jessica Jones went from investigating Kilgrave to exploring her own origin story. She uncovered the lab where she was experimented on and the doctor who “made her”. She also discovered some startling truths about her family, including the truth about who else survived the car accident. Jessica’s best friend and pseudo sister Trish Walker also went on a journey of discovery in Season 2 — Trish was so obsessed with wanting to be like Jessica that she replicated the experiment that gave her powers.

Jessica Jones Season 1, Season 2 and The Defenders are all currently streaming on Netflix.

Mike Delaney
Mike Delaney is Content Team Lead for Fandom's Movie/TV Vertical and specialises in all forms of entertainment. Star Wars fan and general pop culture addict. Only two beverages worth drinking are tea and whisky.